THE ROLE OF CARTOON IN MESSAGES DISSEMINATION IN NEWSPAPERS
(A case study of Nigerian Tribune Newspaper, Ibadan)
1.1 Background to the Study
Cartoon has no specific definition over the time, modern usage refers to a typically non-realistic or semi-realistic drawing or painting intended for satire, caricature, or humor of any important issue. http://www.wikipedia.com.
An artist who creates cartoons is called a cartoonist. The term originated in the Middle Ages and first described as a preparatory drawing for a piece of art, such as a painting, fresco, tapestry, or stained glass window. Akinfeleye (2004). In the 19th century, it came to refer to humorous illustrations in magazines and newspapers, and in the early 20th century and onward, it referred to comic strips and animated films.
A cartoon (from the Italian “cartone” and Dutch word “karton”, meaning strong, heavy paper or pasteboard) is a full-size drawing made on sturdy paper as a study or modello for a painting, stained glass or tapestry. Cartoons were typically used in the production of frescoes, to accurately link the component parts of the composition when painted on damp plaster over a series of days (giornate).Such cartoons often have pinpricks along the outlines of the design; a bag of soot was then patted or “pounced” over the cartoon, held against the wall to leave black dots on the plaster (“pouncing”).http:// http://www.cartoon/children
Cartoons by painters, such as the Raphael Cartoons in London and examples by Leonardo da Vinci, are highly prized in their own right. Tapestry cartoons, usually coloured, were followed by eye by the weavers on the loom.
In modern print media, a cartoon is a piece of art, usually humorous in intent. This usage dates from 1843 when Punch magazine applied the term to satirical drawings in its pages, particularly sketches by John Leech. The first of these parodied the preparatory cartoons for grand historical frescoes in the then-new Palace of Westminster.
For the purpose of this study, effort shall be made on the Role of Graphical Cartoons in Newspaper Publication using Nigerian Tribune Ibadan as a case study.
1.2 Statement of the problems
Despite the fact that cartoons have formed part and parcel of the whole newspaper content since the time immemorial, yet many newspapers readers did not find something interesting about cartoons or its messages.
While many cartoons were poorly structured and badly captioned which make the message weak.
In this research, focus will be made on the role and benefit of cartoons especially the editorial page cartoons in newspapers.